Djibouti

  • Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
  • Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E

  • Map references: Africa

  • Area:

    Total: 22,000 sq km
    Land: 21,980 sq km
    Water: 20 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

  • Land boundaries:

    Total: 508 km
    Border countries: Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

  • Coastline: 314 km

  • Maritime claims:

    Contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Territorial sea: 12 nm

  • Climate: desert; torrid, dry

  • Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

  • Elevation extremes:

    Lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
    Highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

  • Natural resources: geothermal areas