• Location: India is in both the eastern and northern hemispheres. It's positioned on the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia. It's bordered by the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Gulf of Mannar, Indian Ocean, and the countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar).

  • Geographic coordinates: Latitude/Longitude 28º 37' N, 77º 13' E

  • Map references: Asia

  • Area:

  • Total: 1,269,345 sq miles (3,287,590 sq km)
    Land: 1,147,955 sq miles (2,973,190 sq km)
    Water: 121,390 sq miles (314,400 sq km)
  • Area - comparative: Slightly more than one-third the size of the US
  • Land boundaries:
  • Total : 14,103 KM
    Border Countries : Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km,
    China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km
  • Coastline: 4,350 miles (7,000 km)
  • Maritime claims: Territorial Sea: 12 NM
  • Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in North
  • Terrain: Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in North
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Indian Ocean - 0 ft. (0 m)
    Highest point: Kanchenjunga - 28,208 ft. (8,598 m)

  • Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.