• Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
  • Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 44 00 E
  • Map references: Middle East
  • Area:
    Total: 437,072 sq km
    Land: 432,162 sq km
    Water: 4,910 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Idaho
  • Land boundaries:
    Total: 3,631 km
    Border countries: Iran 1,458 km, Jordan 181 km, Kuwait 242 km,
    Saudi Arabia 814 km, Syria 605 km, Turkey 331 km
  • Coastline: 58 km
  • Maritime claims:
    Continental shelf: not specified
    Territorial sea: 12 nm
  • Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
  • Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    Highest point: Haji Ibrahim 3,600 m
  • Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur