• Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
  • Geographic coordinates: 21 00 N, 57 00 E
  • Map references: Middle East
  • Area:
    Total: 212,460 sq km
    Land: 212,460 sq km
    Water: 0 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas
  • Land boundaries:
    Total: 1,374 km
    Border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km
  • Coastline: 2,092 km
  • Maritime claims:
    Contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Territorial sea: 12 nm
  • Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
  • Terrain: vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
    Highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m
  • Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas