• Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
  • Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E
  • Map references: Asia
  • Area:
    Total: 803,940 sq km
    Land: 778,720 sq km
    Water: 25,220 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California
  • Land boundaries:
    Total: 6,774 km
    Border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km
  • Coastline: 1,046 km
  • Maritime claims:
    Contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Territorial sea: 12 nm
  • Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
  • Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    Highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
  • Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone