Sri Lanka
  • Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India
  • Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E
  • Map references: Asia
  • Area:
    Total: 65,610 sq km
    Land: 64,740 sq km
    Water: 870 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
  • Land boundaries: 0 km
  • Coastline: 1340 km
  • Maritime claims:
    Territorial sea: 12 nm
    Contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
  • Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
  • Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    Highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m
  • Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower