• Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
  • Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 48 00 E
  • Map references: Middle East
  • Area:
    Total: 527,970 sq km
    Land: 527,970 sq km
    Water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
  • Area - comparative: slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming
  • Land boundaries:
    Total: 1,746 km
    Border countries: Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km
  • Coastline: 1,906 km
  • Maritime claims:
    Contiguous zone: 18 nm in the North; 24 nm in the South
    Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Territorial sea: 12 nm
  • Climate: mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
  • Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
  • Elevation extremes:
    Lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
    Highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m
  • Natural resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west